Tesco Eggs Cruelty

污秽、残忍和歧视

令人震惊的Tesco鸡蛋供应链

您在特易购购物吗? 如果是,您可能要再想一想。 一项最新且震惊,关于特易购鸡蛋调查显示 : 恶心肮脏、虐待动物以及歧视马来西亚消费者。

在此供应商的农场里,粪便和污垢堆叠在产蛋的笼子里,粪便离鸡蛋和母鸡本身仅几英寸的距离,母鸡几乎一生都被关在笼子里,非常小又残忍,且死鸡的尸体被遗留在产蛋母鸡旁边,这种笼子在世界上数十个国家已经是非法的。

特易购承诺在泰国、英国和整个欧洲只贩卖放养鸡蛋 – 这种蛋更安全、质量更高且更人性化,但特易购似乎认为马来西亚消费者不应该得到相同质量的食品。数十间领先的食品公司已经承诺在马来西亚仅使用放养鸡蛋,Tesco却未能跟上,它继续提供马来西亚消费者来自肮脏、残忍笼养农场的鸡蛋。

是时候让Tesco不再支持严重虐待动物的方式,并不再歧视马来西亚消费者。 特易购得赶上同行,并承诺最迟在2025年前在马来西亚只卖放笼蛋。

请在请愿书上签名!

特易购:我们不再去你那购物,直到你赶上其他领先的食品公司,承诺最迟在2025年之前停止在马来西亚销售肮脏、残忍的笼养鸡蛋,现在是Tesco平等对待马来西亚消费者并使用100%放养鸡蛋的时候!

Egg safety - Food safety risks

格子笼鸡蛋的食物安全风险

超过15份比较格子笼与非笼饲鸡蛋的食物安全科学研究已经发布,这些研究一致发现笼养蛋场的沙门氏菌污染率明显较高。欧洲食品安全局(European Food Safety Authority)在这个问题上进行了有史以来最大规模的研究,分析来自24个国家5000座牧场的数据,得到完全相同的结论:笼养蛋农场更容易被沙门氏菌污染。事实上,欧洲食品安全局发现被限制在笼子的母鸡相较于非笼饲,被各种沙门氏菌污染的可能性高出25倍。(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17)

将母鸡限制在笼子中会增加食品安全风险的原因很多,英国兽医实验室机构(British Veterinary Laboratories Agency)及丹麦兽医和食品管理局(Danish Veterinary and Food Administration)一致发现笼子特别难以清洁和消毒,导致笼子上有“大量污染的粪便和灰尘”,美国农业部研究(United States Department of Agriculture)显示一生限制在小笼子中,引起母鸡的压力也使其容易患病(18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23)

格子笼鸡蛋是残忍的

就像狗和猫一样,鸡是聪明的,是个会感到快乐和痛苦的聪明个体,限制动物一生在狭小几乎无法转身,也无法从事自然、正常行为的笼子中简直是残忍的。(24)

格子笼对动物太残忍以致于在整个欧盟、数十个国家以及在美国的许多州是违法的,且其也违反了世界动物卫生组织(World Organization for Animal Health)关于动物福利的“五项自由”的原则。事实上,世界各地每一个主流动物保护组织都谴责将产蛋母鸡限制在笼子里是残忍的。(25, 26, 27)

这里有几个组织说的内容:

RSPCA

「格子笼被认为是限制动物行为最残忍的方式之一,且对食品没有安全保障。」

马来西亚雪兰莪 防止虐待动物协会

WAP

「格子笼饲养蛋鸡极不人道,不仅饲养密度高,也剥夺蛋鸡洗沙浴、筑巢。。。饮食产业也应开始选用友善鸡蛋,让台湾能够尽快地跟上国际脚步,确保动物福利。 」

台湾防止虐待动物协会

Humane Society International

「对母鸡这种群居、聪明、活跃的动物来说是不人道的、被限制在如此小的笼子里,它们几乎一生不能移动一英寸」

人道社会国际

我们引用的是这些组织过去已公开发布的内容,这些组织与此网站或与此特定广告系列无关

Battery Cage Photo 1 - Battery Cages

层架鸡笼

特易购至今供应马来西亚消费者的鸡蛋,仍然是来自被關在残忍且肮脏的格子笼母鸡

Battery Cage Photo 2 - Dirty

食品安全风险

调查揭露粪便沾满鸡笼、堆积至跟母鸡只有几吋距离

Battery Cage Photo 3 - Animal Cruelty

虐待动物

每一只母鸡几乎一生都被关在如此小的笼子里,根本无法活动

文档和引文

可从此处下载高品质的视频片段和调查的照片。本网站上所有视频和照片都是公开的,任何人(包括媒体)都可以免费下载和使用。

视频和照片是在Teo Seng Capital Berhad的农场拍摄的,马来西亚Tesco品牌鸡蛋是来自该公司,视频证明确实在Teo Seng农场拍摄,以及档案证明Teo Seng供应鸡蛋给Tesco,两者皆可在此处查阅。

Lever槓桿是一个国际非营利动物保护组织,在美国注册成立,并在台湾,香港和美国开展业务。

以下是针对食品安全和动物虐待部分做讨论的科学研究引文

1: Van Hoorebeke S, Van Immerseel F, Schulz J, et al. 2010. Determination of the within and between flock prevalence and identification of risk factors for Salmonella infections in laying hen flocks housed in conventional and alternative systems. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 94(1-2):94-100.

2: Snow LC, Davies RH, Christiansen KH, et al. 2010. Investigation of risk factors for Salmonella on commercial egg-laying farms in Great Britain, 2004-2005. Veterinary Record 166(19):579-86.

3: 2010. Annual Report on Zoonoses in Denmark 2009. National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark.

4: Van Hoorebeke S, Van Immerseel F, De Vylder J et al. 2010. The age of production system and previous Salmonella infections on farm are risk factors for low-level Salmonella infections in laying hen flocks. Poultry Science 89:1315-1319.

5: Huneau-Salaün A, Chemaly M, Le Bouquin S, et al. 2009. Risk factors for Salmonella enterica subsp. Enteric contamination in 5 French laying hen flocks at the end of the laying period. Preventative Veterinary Medicine 89:51-8.

6: Green AR, Wesley I, Trampel DW, et al. 2009 Air quality and bird health status in three types of commercial egg layer houses. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 18:605-621.

7: Schulz J, Luecking G, Dewulf J, Hartung J. 2009. Prevalence of Salmonella in German battery cages and alternative housing systems. 14th International congress of the International Society for Animal Hygiene: Sustainable animal husbandry : prevention is better than cure. pp. 699-702. http://www.safehouse-project.eu/vars/fichiers/pub_defaut/Schulz_Salmonella_ISAH%202009.ppt.

8: Namata H, Méroc E, Aerts M, et al. 2008. Salmonella in Belgian laying hens: an identification of risk factors. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 83(3-4):323-36.

9: Mahé A, Bougeard S, Huneau-Salaün A, et al. 2008. Bayesian estimation of flock-level sensitivity of detection of Salmonella spp. Enteritidis and Typhimurium according to the sampling procedure in French laying-hen houses. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 84(1-2):11-26.

10: Pieskus J, et al. 2008. Salmonella incidence in broiler and laying hens with the different housing systems. Journal of Poultry Science 45:227-231.

11: European Food Safety Authority. 2007. Report of the Task Force on Zoonoses Data Collection on the Analysis of the baseline study on the prevalence of Salmonella in holdings of laying hen flocks of Gallus gallus. The EFSA Journal 97. www.efsa.europa.eu/EFSA/efsa_locale-1178620753812_1178620761896.htm.

12: Snow LC, Davies RH, Christiansen KH, et al. 2007. Survey of the prevalence of Salmonella species on commercial laying farms in the United Kingdom. The Veterinary Record 161(14):471-6.

13: Methner U, Diller R, Reiche R, and Böhland K. 2006. [Occurence of salmonellae in laying hens in different housing systems and inferences for control]. Berliner und Münchener tierärztliche Wochenschrift 119(11-12):467-73.

14: Much P, Österreicher E, Lassnig. H. 2007. Results of the EU-wide Baseline Study on the Prevalence of Salmonella spp. in Holdings of Laying Hens in Austria. Archiv für Lebensmittelhygiene 58:225-229.

15: Stepien-Pysniak D. 2010. Occurrence of Gram-negative bacteria in hens’ eggs depending on their source and storage conditions. Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences 13(3):507-13.

16: Humane Society International, “An HSI Report: Food Safety and Cage Egg Production” (2010). HSI Reports: Farm Animal Protection. 3. http://animalstudiesrepository.org/hsi_reps_fap/3

17: European Food Safety Authority. 2007. Report of the Task Force on Zoonoses Data Collection on the Analysis of the baseline study on the prevalence of Salmonella in holdings of laying hen flocks of Gallus gallus. The EFSA Journal 97. www.efsa.europa.eu/EFSA/efsa_locale-1178620753812_1178620761896.htm

18: The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration. 2004. The national Salmonella control programme for the production of table eggs and broilers 1996-2002. Fødevare Rapport 6, March.

19: Davies R and Breslin M. 2003. Observations on Salmonella contamination of commercial laying farms before and after cleaning and disinfection. The Veterinary Record 152(10):283-7.

20: Methner U, Rabsch W, Reissbrodt R, and Williams PH. 2008. Effect of norepinephrine on colonisation and systemic spread of Salmonella enterica in infected animals: Role of catecholate siderophore precursors and degradation products. International Journal of Medical Microbiology 298(5-6):429-39.

21: Bailey MT, Karaszewski JW, Lubach GR, Coe CL, and Lyte M. 1999. In vivo adaptation of attenuated Salmonella Typhimurium results in increased growth upon exposure to norepinephrine. Physiology and Behavior 67(3):359-64.

22: Shini S, Kaiser P, Shini A, and Bryden WL. 2008. Biological response of chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) induced by corticosterone and a bacterial endotoxin. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B. 149(2):324-33.

23: Rostagno MH. 2009. Can stress in farm animals increase food safety risk? Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 6(7):767-76.

24: Marino, L. 2017. Thinking chickens: a review of cognition, emotion, and behavior in the domestic chicken. Animal Cognition 20(2): 127–147.

25: “European_Union_Council_Directive_1999/74/EC.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Web 03 August 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Union_Council_Directive_1999/74/EC

26: “Farm Animal Confinement Bans.” American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Web. 03 August 2018, www.aspca.org/animal-protection/public-policy/farm-animal-confinement-bans

27: World Organization for Animal Health, “Terrestrial Animal Health Code” (2017). www.rr-africa.oie.int/docspdf/en/Codes/en_csat-vol1.pdf